What is TMJ?
TMJ is an acronym for the TemporoMandibular Joints or simply your jaw joints. All normal healthy people have a pair, one on each side of their head. Health care professionals, and therefore the general public, have used “TMJ” to refer to a broad range of disorders affecting not only the TM joints, but also associated structures of the head and neck. The proper generalized terms for these types of conditions are Craniofacial Pain (CFP) and Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD). There are over 200 different diagnoses associated with CFP-TMD and different treatments apply to each. The correct diagnosis is the key to successful treatment.
Common symptoms of TMJ include:
- TM joint popping or clicking
- Restriction in jaw opening
- Headache, including migraine type
- Pain above or behind the eyes
- Vertigo or Dizziness
- Jaw that deviates to one side or the other when opening
- Receding Gums
- Sore throat with no sign of infection
What Causes TMJ?
People develop TMJ when there is an imbalance in the bones, muscles, and joints of the head and jaw. TMJ can occur as a result of inadequate growth of the jaws, mal-alignment of the teeth, multiple or complex dental procedures or restorations, injury, or any combination of these.